Cancer is a disease that develops in the body when some cells grow uncontrollably and extend to other areas of the body. It is challenging to figure out why one person gets cancer while someone else does not. Here are some of the top causes of cancer in India.
Tobacco use is a significant risk of cancer as well as cancer-related death. Because tobacco and secondhand smoke include several toxins that damage DNA. Tobacco use is linked to cancers of the trachea, lungs, esophagus, mouth, throat, bladder, colon and rectum, kidney, stomach, liver, pancreas, and cervix, as well as acute myeloid leukemia.
Types of cancer of the breast (in menopausal women), colon, rectum, endometrial, etc. are more common in obese persons. On the other hand, a nutritious diet, regular exercise, and keeping a healthy weight may help reduce the risk of developing several cancers. By forming these healthy behaviours, you can lessen your risk of developing other conditions including high blood pressure, type II diabetes, and heart disease. Any cancer care can be used as a first line of defense, but for the most common malignancies, surgery is the most frequent initial cancer treatment.
Drinking too much alcohol raises your risk of getting cancer. Your risk increases the more you drink. People who use tobacco and drink alcohol have a significantly higher risk of developing cancer. Doctors recommend that persons who drink do so moderately.
Radiation exposure is a particular kind of radiation with just enough intensity to cause DNA damage and result in cancer. Ionising radiation includes high-energy radiation such as gamma rays, x-rays, and radon. High-energy radiation that can harm DNA and result in cancer includes X-rays, gamma radiation, alpha and beta particles, and even neutrons. Radiation therapy, CT scans, PET scans, and chest x-rays are a few instances of medical treatments that might harm cells and cause cancer. The likelihood of contracting cancer in the future of these medical procedures, however, is incredibly low.
Drugs that suppress the immune system’s capacity to recognise and eliminate cancerous cells in addition to fend off infections that can cause cancer. According to a study, those who receive transplants are more likely to develop a number of different types of cancer. The four most prevalent cancers among transplant recipients are Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and cancers of the kidney, lung, and liver, which are more common in these individuals than in the general population.
- Gene mutations
Research on cancer has advanced significantly as a result of the identification of specific gene types that contribute to the disease. It is discovered that cancers have some sort of genetic alteration in almost 90% of cases. While some of these alterations are inherited, others are random, i.e., they emerge sporadically or as a consequence of exposure to the outside world.
You should look into buying cancer insurance coverage if you have a family history, if you believe you are more prone to having it, or even if you aren’t financially stable enough to pay huge medical bills. Cancer Insurance is a unique kind of policy created to provide financial support to individuals who have been diagnosed with an ailment beyond the free look-up period indicated in the terms and conditions of the acquired cancer insurance policy. Hospitalisation, radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, and other costs related to cancer diagnosis and treatment are all covered by cancer-specific insurance coverage.
Many malignancies, according to most specialists, can be avoided or the risk of developing tumors reduced greatly. Depending on one’s point of view, some of the methods are easy, whereas some are more extreme. The most basic cancer prevention technique is to eliminate any contributing factors.